Gender and conflict management


Cross-cutting issue: Gender
Text Box: Gender equality  •	Equal rights & opportunities  •	Equal possibility to participate  •	All human beings equal possibility to develop and live their potential  Text Box: Gender •	Men & women, boys & girls •	Different needs, roles and responsibilities •	Social construction &  changing Differences in needs, perceptions, strengths, roles and responsibility between men and women, girls and boys have increasingly been recognized as needed to be taken into account to ensure equal and equitable development for the whole population. Gender is a social construct, and the differences, roles and responsibilities will change over time and vary between different locations and environments. Assessing, understanding and meeting the differences are crucial in any developmental context to ensure an equal opportunity for all to take part in the development and for all human beings’ right to realise their potentials.

The Government of Afghanistan acknowledges the need for increased gender equality and gender mainstreaming through the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS), the Afghan National Action Plan for Women (2008-2018), and through dedicated Gender Policies in different governmental institutions. The MRRD Gender Policy was signed in 2011, followed by a Strategic Implementation Plan for gender.

The MRRD Gender Policy statements
‘The MRRD is committed to promoting gender integration into all areas of rural development initiatives undertaken in Afghanistan. It aims at ensuring equitable growth amongst men and women and will work towards securing increased and meaningful participation of women in development initiatives aimed at sustainable poverty reduction’.
‘The MRRD will also focus on ensuring that increased representation and participation of women, through the programmes and the departments, will also impact positively in the application of development benefits and inclusive decision making processes for women’
The MRRD Gender Policy will focus on both programmatic as well as institutional level.
(MRRD Gender Policy 2011).

Gender mainstreaming - hydrogeology project
The programme will work in line with the MRRD gender framework and facilitate for equal opportunity for men and women to participate and benefit from the project. Following strategies and aims have been developed by the Norplan team:
Programme level – Capacity building:
Capacity building is the largest component of the overall programme, and training will be conducted within the areas of hydrogeology, GIS/MIS, water & sanitation and training methods/ postgraduate studies. While female professionals are in minority in several of these fields and often in more junior positions than their male counterparts, the project will encourage cooperating institutions and organisations to nominate both eligible women and men for participation. The project will facilitate part of the capacity building for junior staff, trainings where also university students and graduates will be invited to take part. Building capacity of junior staff and students will in time qualify them for higher positions. A particular preference will be given to women in cases of few available seats in the trainings.

Programme level – Implementation of Water & Sanitation Facilities
To ensure access for all to water, Norplan will strongly encourage any implementing partners of water and sanitation facilities to continue to follow the MRRD’s policies and methods as exemplified in the WASH implementation manual. Being aware of differences in needs and responsibilities varying to both gender and age, and being able to include and met these will be crucial for an equitable development and sustainability.

Institutional level
Norplan will facilitate for the project to be run within the gender framework of MRRD. Contact with MRRD gender staff and structure should be in place. The project will also accommodate for equal opportunities for men and women to be hired in the project and a gender-inclusive working environment.